Alternatives to Conviction or Punishment.
This initiative is developed, inter alia, considering resolution 58/5 of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) entitled “Supporting the collaboration of public health and justice authorities in pursuing alternative measures to conviction or punishment for appropriate drug related offences of a minor nature”. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs invited UNODC - in consultation with States and, as appropriate, other relevant international and regional organizations - to “provide guidelines or tools on the collaboration of justice and health authorities on alternative measures to conviction or punishment for appropriate drug-related offences of a minor nature”.
In response to this, UNODC and the World Health Organization (WHO), launched the initiative “Treatment and Care of People with Drug Use Disorders in Contact with the Criminal Justice System: Alternatives to Conviction or Punishment” at the 59th session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in 2016. This initiative aims to enhance the knowledge, understanding, scope and potential for alternative measures to conviction or punishment. In line with the international drug control conventions2 and other relevant international instruments, including human rights treaties and UN standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice,3 it explores options to divert people with drug use disorders who are in contact with the criminal justice system to treatment.